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Early Generation Bengals

This section is still under construction!

More info and photos coming soon.


What is an Early Generation and what do the abbreviations ALC, F1, F2, G2, F3, G3, and SBT mean?


ALC = Asian Leopard Cat

The Bengal breed originally started when domestic cats were bred to the wild Asian Leopard Cat (Prilonailarus Bengalensis).  Asian Leopard Cats are a small, forest-dwelling wild cat native to South and East Asia.  They vary in appearance and behavior across their various sub-species, but are much more similar in appearance to other small wild cats like the Ocelot and Margay than the commonly known Leopard.  They are solitary, except during breeding, and females raise their kittens alone.  They are most active during the night and are great climbers.  They spend a lot of time in the trees and can swim, though they rarely do so.  Asian Leopard Cats do not make good pets for most people since they will spray to mark their territory and prefer to avoid people.  They are illegal to own in some places.

F1 = Filial, 1st generation hybrid

ALC X Domestic Cat or SBT Bengal

The first generation Asian Leopard Cat and domestic cat hybrid is called an F1 (F meaning filial) and was 50% wild.  These F1 Bengals are much wilder in appearance and temperament than the later generation SBT (Studbook Traditional) Bengals.  They tend to be shy, only bonding strongly with one person, dislike travel/change, and are often not reliable with the litter box.  They sometimes prefer to use their water bowl (or sink, tub, etc) instead of a litter box.  They sometimes are good pets, but they require a very committed owner because rehoming them once they are adults is especially hard on them and they may never fully bond with a new owner.  F1s that are not reliable with the litter box or prefer not to be around people will need a large outdoor enclosure where they will be safe and comfortable.  There are many locations that do not allow hybrid animals including F1, G2, and G3 Bengals.

G2 (commonly called F2) = Generation 2, 2nd generation hybrid

F1 Female X Domestic Male or SBT Bengal Male

F1 males are infertile, so in order to continue breeding, the female F1s are bred to a domestic male.  Like the F1s, the resulting female G2s (Generation 2) are also bred to a domestic male to produce G3s.  In the past, the abbreviation F2 and F3 was used for the 2nd and 3rd generation breedings, but this is incorrect.  Genetically F2 would be an F1 bred to an F1 which would be impossible in this case since the male F1s are always infertile.  I usually use the abbreviation G2/F2 and G3/F3 since the F2 and F3 abbreviations are still more commonly known and understood.  But I hope that eventually the more correct G2 and G3 will be commonly understood.  There are many locations that do not allow hybrid animals including F1, G2, and G3 Bengals.


The G2 Bengal is sometimes just as wild as an F1 and sometimes more domestic like a G3.  Their personality and appearance can vary wildly according to the roll of the genetic dice and how they are raised.  Some breeders take G2 kittens from their mother shortly after birth and hand-raise them.  Some breeders take them for hand-raising once they are a few weeks old.  Some breeders let the F1 mother raise her kittens and handle them once the mother is comfortable with that later on.  The personality of the mother and the breeder's intentions for the kittens will determine how the kittens are best raised.  Our G2 is much more wild than most.  She was fully raised by her F1 mother with handling from her breeder.  I believe that being raised by her mother, plus a long plane trip cross-country, and her individual genetics are various reasons she acts more wild.  She loves other cats and when she was a kitten we could entice her to play and sometimes pet her if she was feeling relaxed.  But she was never interested in being held and as an adult she prefers to have nothing to do with people.  She has everything she needs and wants (as far as we know!) here with us.  She loves her SBT Bengal friends and has a carefully designed and built indoor/outdoor enclosure.  She eats a raw diet like our other Bengals, but her favorite foods are whole chicks, mice, and quail so she gets them often.  

***Photos of G2s coming soon!***

G3 (commonly called F3) = Generation 3 hybrid

G2 female to domestic or SBT Bengal male

G3 kittens are generally much closer in personality to the fully domestic SBT Bengals, but it depends on the individual breeding and how the kittens are raised.  Some may have a wild or shy streak or take a little more time to warm up to strangers, particularly if they are raised by their G2 mothers and not well-socialized with people.  But most G3s can be excellent pets.  So far the G3 kittens we have raised here have been very friendly even with visitors.  I would not recommend a G3 for a person or family that travelled a lot and would also not recommend a G3 for a home with young children.  A G3 would most likely do well in a home with older children or teens who are able to fully understand and respect that a G3 may not tolerate as much attention handling as a regular cat.  (As always, children's interactions with pets should be supervised as closely as necessary to ensure safety of both children and pets.)  Our first litter of G3s has been raised since the age of 7 days old by one of our SBT females that had a same-age litter.  Our second G3 litter was bottle-raised since we did not have a foster mom at that time.  We plan to hand-raise or foster-raise all our G3 babies born to Sashi because she herself does not want to be around people.  Some G3s can be raised by their mother and still be socialized with people and be good pets.  It depends on the personality and people-friendliness of the mother.  As with F1 and G2, it is important to check the laws in your area to make sure you can legally have a G3.


SBT = Stud book traditional, fully domestic Bengal

G3 female bred to domestic or SBT Male

or any other generation of SBT Bengals bred together

SBT includes Generation 4 and beyond.  Most Bengals are SBT Bengals which means they are 4 or more generations away from the Asian Leopard Cat and are considered fully domesticated.  They are legal to own in MOST but NOT ALL locations.  For example, it is illegal to keep ANY generation of Bengal in New York City and Hawaii.  SBT Bengals will make excellent pets as long as they are well bred and socialized like ours.  A well-bred and well-socialized Bengal is friendly, outgoing, and loves to be around people.  Bengals are high energy and need plenty of attention!  

***ALL the Bengals on our website are SBTs unless labeled otherwise.  We do have a few CON outcrosses, but that's an article for another day!  CON have an ancestor that is another breed.  They are the same amount of "wild" as our SBTs.***

What is the percentage of "wild genes" in the various generations???

In the early crosses the F1 was 50% wild since it was an ALC bred to a fully domestic cat.  Similarly, the G2 would have been only 25% wild and the G3 would have been only 12.5% wild.  Once you get to the 4th and further generations (SBT), the percentage of wild genes is estimated at around 10%.  However now that the later generation Bengals are common, we are able to breed early generation females to SBT Bengals (or start with an SBT female and ALC male cross), so our wild percentages are a little higher.  For example, our G2 Rainforest Sashimi is the daughter of a G6 SBT Bengal male an F1 female (from an ALC male crossed to an SBT female Bengal).  I've done some math and estimate her to be closer to 32-35% wild.  Her current kittens are also from an SBT Bengal male (much further than G6 though) so they are probably around 20-25% wild.  How "wild" a kitten looks or acts often depends on how the genetic "roll of the dice" goes!  Just like some kids look or act more like one parent than the other (or even a grandparent), we never know exactly what the kittens will be like in looks or personality.  We do only breed our early generation females to super sweet males and so far our G3 kittens have been very friendly like our SBTs.  The extensive socializing they get as kittens also helps ensure they are very people-oriented.  But there is always the chance they'll be a little more wild, so we spend extra time evaluating their personalities before promising them to a new home.

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